This is the fourth in my series of blogs on panels at Ravencon I’m NOT doing (of note, I’m keeping track of the schedule changes as they happen, and it appears there are a few more panels I’m NOT doing. I started out scheduled for seven panels; the schedule is still changing, so I don’t know what the total will be, but it looks like I’ll be on fewer than that). For further explanation, see my earlier blog here.
Editors, Publishers, and Readers: What Rules to Break and Which Ones Don’t Apply
Okay, this is a topic I might have considered being a panelist for (in fact, I’ve touched elements of it on this blog before), but it’s running opposite of another panel I’m scheduled for. So… let’s talk about it, here.
The panel is officially described as:
Many new authors have heard the rules: One POV per scene, don’t use adverbs, Limit the POVs to no more than three per story. These “rules” have been taught for over a hundred years, but who came up with them and do they still apply to the modern reader?
So, let’s cover some of these rules, shall we?
The panel description mentions:
A. One POV per Scene:
Your options with Point of View are determined by your perspective. In first person (unless you’re writing first person omniscient, which is… uh… possible, but unusual) changing POV mid-scene is, well, NOT something that can be done — a story written in first person is, by definition, one written from a single point of view (the narrator).
Third person unlimited perspective is all about head hopping. The narrator knows everything, including what everyone thinks. If you know what everyone thinks, there is no head hopping.
And 3rd person limited perspective does its best to mimic first person POV, but allows you to change that perspective between scenes. So, in theory, no POV changes… aka, no head hopping should happen.
But sometimes, it’s unavoidable; you write a scene entirely from a certain character’s perspective, but then you need one more sentence to show something that happens the moment he leaves the scene, or when he’s not looking. The question becomes: Do you break the scene for a single brief sentence or two, or do you head hop?
You can BREAK THE RULE (gasp!) and head hop, like many authors do (including, infamously, one of the most successful writers in the world (Nora Roberts)), or you can follow the rule and make a one sentence scene to show that little thing, as many other successful writers would. You’re the author. As long as readers can tell which character’s perspective is in use at any one time, they won’t complain.
B. Don’t Use Adverbs:
If you use significantly more adverbs than your story can support, then it can read really weird. Usually, this can make the writing appear slightly weak. Oddly enough, a significantly large number of writers actually use adverbs even while frequently protesting their use.
The thing is, an overuse of adverbs really does make your writing weaker (as seen in the paragraph above). Moderate use of them, however, can be a powerful tool in the writer’s arsenal.
C. Limit the POVs to no more than three per story:
I’ve never heard this rule, to be honest. I can’t really comment on it, other than to say… really? No, don’t bother with this rule. Well, I suppose if you have a different point of view for every scene, and your 400 page book averages two or three scenes every page, and you have a new POV for EVERY SINGLE SCENE, that would be… hard to parse (though if you ever wanted to try your hand at experimental literature, there’s a suggestion for you to experiment with). Again, moderation is key.
I could go on, citing rules from the likes of Stephen King and Elmore Leonard, but I think I’ve made my point. The “rules” you see do come from somewhere, usually, but are usually overstated. If you’re just careful in how you break them and apply a little moderation, you can get around just about any one of the so-called “rules of writing” that you hear.
The truth (as Kristine Kathryn Rusch points out here) is that no-one but authors think much about these rules beyond that bit of moderation and care. That’s not to say there are no rules anyone should ever follow (you should pay attention to your grammar, although even there you have some flexibility — the University of Chicago, APA, MLA, Strunk and White, Harcourt’s, etc. disagree on several key issues; many publishing houses have their own “house style” that compiles elements of some or all of these. And that’s just using American English — factor in the variances caused by the British and Australians (and possibly others, but those are the two I know of) having enough variance in the dialects to have their own set of grammar styles, and you’ll realize that you have a lot of options. I’ve got my own house style, even, which I will be editing all of my works to. Eventually. In software parlance it’s still in Alpha, so it’ll be a while before I do that)
So, the rules exist for a reason… but the rules are also made to be broken.